Rainwater collection is a noble idea, but it comes with a few concerns that you need to be aware of. The biggest concern is the quality of the water you collect. While nature has an uncanny system of keeping the water safe for use in the home, pollutants go against nature’s efforts. The air is full of pollutants that contaminate the water on its way down.
The pollutants are not always visible because they are in form of microparticles. These include chemical products, tar, dust, bird droppings and harmful bacteria.
Another concern that comes up is the risk of standing water. Water that is stagnant in any type of accessible container can be a huge risk to children and pets. Small children can easily drown in a few inches of standing water. Animals can also get trapped in the water and drown as well. Another concern is that standing water becomes a breeding ground for mosquitoes and can also carry many disease types, becoming a health hazard in the process.
This is the major reasons why you need to carefully plan a rainwater collection and harvesting system.
Let us look at how you go about it.
Have the Need for the System
You need to identify the need to have the system in the home in the first place. You need to find out why the system is essential and the various reasons that you need to have the system. This system comes with various benefits including:
You get more water to use in the home without any restriction at all. The water helps reduce water bills in the home. You can save up to 70 percent on your current water costs. You get peace of mind knowing you have extra water to use in the home. Once you understand the benefits, you need to survey the area to find out what space you have to set up the project.
The various components of the system have to be set up somewhere. This can be at the corner of the house or at a point in the yard. Whatever the case, you need to make sure you have enough space to hold the components. The available space also determines the kinds of components, for instance, it dictates the size of the water tank that you choose.
Once you have the measurements, you can go ahead to design the collection system to capture and filter the water.
The Components of a Rainwater Collection System
Many people have come up with complex designs for the rainwater collection systems to have more effective ways to capture and filter the rainwater. However, most of these systems have the following components.
The Catchment Surface
This is what the rain hits when there is a downpour. The most popular surface is the roof of the house. The material you have used for the roof is vital, with the most common being sheet-steel. The smoother the catchment surface, the more efficient your collection system becomes. Slate is also suitable as long as it doesn’t have poisonous sealant.
This is where the water is directed when it flows down the catchment surface. The water passes through this gutter to the other parts of the collection system. You need to make sure the gutter is properly installed so that you can capture more water. Don’t use lead in any part of the gutter because rainwater can dissolve it and make the water toxic.
Leaf Screens and Filters
Leaf screens act as filters before the water flows into the tank. You can install it along the gutters to prevent leaves from getting to the tank. Filters come after the tank and form the final phase of the system.
This is where the water collects and is stored. The tank needs to be the right size and made out of durable material. It should also be covered to prevent breeding of mosquitoes. You can check out these Faqs on rain collection and parts like a water storage tank.
Proper planning of the rain collection system gives you a solution to water shortages and also makes the process fast and easy.